Enterprise Application Development is the process of creating, developing and maintaining an application in production for business purposes, this type of application can get really complex and hard to maintain because it tends to contain so many features and needs to be bug-free so the workflow never gets interrupted.
Nowadays, almost every organization uses some kind of enterprise app to satisfy its needs and make the working process much easier. But luckily, since enterprise Application Development is so complex, some big companies now with hundreds of software engineers develop these apps in a way that makes them customizable and easy for any enterprise to integrate them in their own environment and make them available for other enterprises who cannot afford to create their own.
What makes enterprise applications special?
An enterprise application is an application made to satisfy the needs of an organization rather than an individual user.
It is made to be used by hundreds or even thousands of users within an enterprise, it processes large chunks of data and automates the workflow internally.
These applications are created with specific business requirements which make them powerful and reliable to enhance productivity, the internal and external communication (communication with clients and communication with collaborators) of the enterprise.
Since most of the enterprises have similar departments and systems in common, enterprise applications are usually available as a sweet of connected and customizable programs to help enterprises digitalize their workflow without having to deal with the burden of creating their own software.
because of the cost and the complexity of developing an enterprise application from scratch is huge and can be difficult for every enterprise to handle.
What factors to take into consideration when developing an enterprise app?
Enterprise application development should respect some factors to create apps that are performant and do exactly what they are expected to do, these are the main factors that should be considered while developing an enterprise app:
Security: this is the most important factor that an enterprise app should have, the security of the app should be on point, because it contains the whole Eco-system of the enterprise, so security checks and penetration tests should be performed constantly on the app and the whole internal network of the enterprise to make sure no one can hack inside it and get some information he is not allowed to get.
Performance: this type of apps can process huge amounts of data daily, and query through huge databases to get statistics and make calculations, that is the reason why most of the time enterprise apps rely on the cloud to get the best computing power to handle the data and the traffic coming in and out of the enterprise’s database without lagging or failing because that can cost the enterprise a fortune.
Scalability: enterprise app development should consider creating the app into many micro-services rather than one big app, because the app will constantly require change, adding features, tweaking some data handling and calculations. So, the more the app is modular and scalable, the less time it’s going to cost to be maintained.
Stability: This factor is also an extremely important one, an enterprise app should be stable and bug-free, the developers should know exactly what errors could be generated and handle them beforehand. An error showing up to a user while they are using the app could be frustrating and may make them lose the progress of the whole day, or even worst…
Availability: The data collected by these apps can be really huge, so one can only imagine the time and money loss if all this data is lost, as a solution, the app should have some programmed backups to do on a daily basis to keep the data collected and processed safe and available at any unexpected failure of the app.
Precisions: enterprise apps tend to do a lot of precise calculations to generate statistics and output data that is used in various ways, these calculations should be precise and bug-free, one wrong calculation can cost the enterprise thousands of dollars.
Right technologies: One of the hardest things to do before starting the development process of an app is to pick what technologies to use to create the app, every technology has its pros and cons, the choice must be precise and well-studied because the need of the enterprise in this app can be different from one to another.
Every programming language and each technology is made for a purpose, the DevOps usually handle these decisions based on the needs of the enterprise. So, the choice of technologies, frameworks, programming languages used to develop the app must be precise.
Are there any limitations to enterprise apps?
All types of apps, technologies, or programming languages have their own limitations, but when we talk about large, high cost, high reliance on physical computing resources, the one big limitation an enterprise app could face is its update.
Applying any type of change or update to the app can cost huge amounts of time and money and resources. So, most of the enterprises keep using their app anyways without even considering updating it to use the latest versions of technologies.
That’s what we call legacy code, it means that code is so old that it’s no longer maintained by the creators of the programming language used in it.
Every framework or programming language gets updated to be faster, easier to use, and more stable, but an enterprise app developed using Python 2.7 per instance, will not be able to be updated to use a new python version even if the programming language has become better and highly performant.
The enterprise has no other choice but to keep using the app anyways with its legacy code even if it’s slower, less stable, and harder to maintain.
All these limitations make it hard for the developers withing the enterprise to maintain or add new features to the app. and make it even harder for enterprises to find new developers that would work on their legacy enterprise app.
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